Antacids are usually helpful in stopping the problem of indigestion. One may get this indigestion problem if they have eaten much food or ate food in an abnormally fast way. If there is indigestion the liquid inside stomach will become more acidic than normal. The resultant reaction is referred as neutralisation. The reason for such a reaction is the tablets are alkaline in nature while the liquids in stomach are acidic in nature. The reaction between the stomach acids and the antacid will make the problem change into harmless substances either as water or salt. An example of an antacid is Milk of Magnesia. Acidity if left untreated may lead to Gastro-intestinal Reflux Disease (GERD), peptic ulcers.


There are different types of antacids which may have different effects on each user. Before using an antacid, it is important to note about the side effects it causes. The four common types of antacids are explained here.

The sodium bicarbonate as ingredient type, which uses baking soda for its main ingredient, will provide quick relief. However, it is advised to be used in limited cases and should not be taken too often. The calcium carbonate type provides fast relief because of its high calcium content. These antacids when taken daily may cause severe constipation in some people.

The aluminium as compound type which is equally effective as the other types of antacids provides slow relief. The Side effects of these antacids may include the risk of constipation while taken on regular basis and the depletion of the mineral reserves in body calcium in specific.

The magnesium compound type, because of its high magnesium content, has a laxative effect. As a method to counterbalance, some antacids with this type of ingredient are mixed with either calcium or aluminium. These antacids are not recommended for elderly people, especially those with diabetes

Forms available

Antacids are available in several forms the most common form is soft gel or syrup, chewable or swallow able pallets, liquids, soft chews and in powder format to be taken by mixing with water and sometimes in chewing gum format.

Brief description about usage

Take the medication by mouth, usually after taking the meals and after the dinner at bedtime as required. All the directions on the product package or the doctor's advice have to be strictly followed. If one is really uncertain about any of this information, it is always better to consult the doctor or pharmacist. If one is taking the chewable tablets, it has to be chewed thoroughly before it is being swallowed. After chewing a full glass of water has to be drunk.

If one is using the liquid form of the medication then the bottle has to be well shaken before each dose is poured. It is advised to refrigerate the suspension for the flavor improvement but it should never be frozen. The liquid form will work best when it is taken without mixing with other fluids. But still one can mix the dose with a little quantity of water if required.


JD LABS deals in Antacids in all forms namely chewable tablets, gels, liquids and effervescent powder.

Jayadev Shastri

Owner of JD Labs is a research scholar working on "Reduction of side effects of Cancer Medicines"